If you’re trying to conceive, you should be aware of what fertility tests your GP can perform. These procedures range from hysterosalpingograms to ovarian reserve blood tests, LH and progesterone testing, and sperm analysis. Here, we take a look at some of the most common ones and how they can benefit you. Aside from fertility tests, your GP can also refer you to specialist clinics if necessary.
A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is one of the fertility tests a doctor can perform to determine a woman’s fertility status. The test identifies any abnormalities in the uterus and fallopian tubes. Blocked fallopian tubes, for example, prevent sperm from reaching the egg, which can lead to infertility. The results of the hysterosalpingogram can help your provider determine the cause of your infertility and what you should do next.
Ovarian reserve (AMH) blood test
AMH, or ovarian hormone, is a common fertility test. It measures how well a woman’s ovaries produce eggs. During her childbearing years, a woman can produce thousands of eggs. However, as a woman ages, her ovarian reserve decreases. A low AMH level may indicate that she has a low egg reserve, which makes pregnancy more difficult.
LH and progesterone tests
LH and progesterone levels in urine are a way to identify the ovulation date and the time of the last menstrual period. The LH level can also indicate if you are close to perimenopause, have irregular periods, or have a pituitary disorder. LH levels can also be useful for detecting early or delayed puberty in children.
If you are concerned about infertility, you can begin your journey to becoming a parent by visiting your family doctor for a consultation. He or she may refer you to a fertility specialist for further investigation. Ask about any pre-appointment restrictions, such as not ejaculating for two to five days prior to the appointment. Also, make sure you know what to expect from the analysis.
Genetic testing for infertility
Besides the obvious health benefits of genetic testing, the process has many other benefits, including the ability to predict the health of the future child. Genetic tests can be used for premarital analysis to identify if both partners are carriers of certain genes that might lead to problems in conception and pregnancy. The results of such tests can be valuable for a couple considering IVF treatment. Genetic testing is also helpful in identifying the causes of infertility and miscarriages, as well as the incidence of certain congenital diseases.