What You Should Know About Fertility Screening

When it comes to infertility screening, the questions you’ll be asked vary. Your doctor may focus on your reproductive history, including birth control pills, contraceptives, and pelvic surgeries. They will also ask about sexual histories, chemical exposures, and recreational drugs. Your doctor may also give you advice on how to proceed with attempting to conceive. A physical exam may also include questions about your sexual health and hormone levels.

Infertility is a medical condition that makes it difficult for a woman to conceive

There are several causes of infertility in a woman. In most cases, ovulation issues make it impossible for the sperm and the egg to meet, and problems with hormone regulation can also cause infertility. Other causes include scar tissue from previous surgeries and infections. Although infertility is a relatively common medical condition, it is often difficult to identify and treat.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a fertility treatment

Assisted reproductive technologies have been around for nearly three decades, and while the success rate for these treatments is still very high, they are not without risk. For instance, some studies have suggested that ARTs may lead to epigenetic changes in gene expression, which could have long-term effects on offspring health. Other research indicates that ARTs can cause neuroendocrine effects, including slight elevations of blood pressure and increased triglyceride levels. These effects are most apparent in children who are undergoing rapid catch-up growth.

Ovulation disorders are the most common cause of infertility

Ovulation disorders are caused by malfunctioning of the hypothalamus, which controls the pituitary gland, the organ responsible for producing hormones that trigger ovulation. Some common causes include thyroid problems, pregnancy, and certain medications. Medications that affect the pituitary gland can cause elevated prolactin levels. In cases where a tumor is suspected, additional blood work and MRI of the brain and pituitary gland may be ordered.

IUI

Integumentary insemination, or IUI, is a relatively safe method of in vitro fertilization. It can increase the chances of pregnancy by up to 50%. Women who have difficulty conceiving should consult with their OB-GYN and a fertility specialist about their treatment options. The goal of treatment is to increase the number of available sperm to meet the egg. While there is a small risk of complications, patients may experience spotting during the procedure and some cramping in the uterus. But this does not affect the chances of conception.

IVF

Who can benefit from IVF? Among the potential side effects of IVF are pregnancy and miscarriage. The first stage of IVF is known as insemination, in which sperm are directly injected into the egg. In some cases, the procedure may also be known as ICSI, which stands for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. It is used to prepare the uterus for embryo transfer.

Gestational carrier

A gestational carrier is a woman who is pregnant and agrees to carry a baby for its intended parents. The gestational carrier can be a friend or family member of the intended parents, or she can be a stranger. In the majority of cases, the intended parents’ eggs are used. Sometimes, sperm or donor eggs are used if a woman has an obstruction in her uterus or is not able to conceive.