When Fertility Occurs

Planning a pregnancy entails two basic schedules: the first is when the child is due and the second is when the fertile window is. This article will outline these schedules and explain how age affects fertility. This article will cover ovulation, the follicular phase, and the effects of age on fertility. The information in this article is for educational purposes only and does not claim to be a medical reference.


When you have a period (also known as menses), you are ovulating. The first day of your period marks the start of your ovulation cycle, which lasts about 4 to 7 days. As your estrogen and progesterone levels decline, you’ll be at a higher chance of becoming pregnant. During the last day of your cycle, you’ll ovulate if you haven’t had any sexual intercourse in the previous two months.

follicular phase

When fertility occurs, the follicular phase is a crucial part of the cycle. In women, it starts with ovulation and ends on the first day of the next menstrual period. Its primary role is to prepare the egg for fertilization, and to release the egg from the ovaries. During this phase, a woman’s body releases hormones to help the egg implant into the uterus.

fertile window

The fertile window when fertility occurs is when a woman’s odds of conceiving increase the most. It lasts from 12 to 24 hours before ovulation and the days leading up to it. The ovulation process releases an egg from the ovary and it travels down the fallopian tube. The egg then survives in the reproductive system for 12 to 24 hours, where it becomes fertilized by sperm. After this period, the fertilized egg is shed with the uterine lining during menstruation.

Effects of age on fertility

While fertility declines with age may be a well-known fact, the effect of obesity and advanced maternal age is less widely known. According to a recent study, less than one-third of African American participants knew that age had an effect on fertility. They also were less aware of the decline in pregnancy rate after age 35, the risk of miscarriage, and age-related infertility. These findings support the need for improved education and awareness about the effects of age on fertility.

Symptoms of infertility

Women with infertility will be evaluated by their healthcare provider for a variety of reasons. Usually, they are diagnosed after a year of trying without success, and women over the age of 35 should have fertility evaluations after six months. Those with a history of pregnancy loss or obvious medical problems should also undergo infertility evaluations. Testing may include ovulation detection and evaluation of the fallopian tubes, cervix, and uterus. A male partner’s semen will also be analysed. After all tests have been conducted, appropriate treatment can be started.

Tests to determine if you are fertile

There are many reasons why a woman is not fertile. Some of the reasons may not be completely obvious, but they should be addressed if the couple is trying to conceive. A woman over 35, for example, should undergo a fertility test. Changes in blood flow may be a factor, as well as taking birth control. While some tests may be ineffective for the woman over 35, they can help the couple decide whether to continue using birth control.