Where Are Fertility Rates the Lowest?

Fertility rates have declined drastically in most advanced economies in recent years. Countries like South Korea and Norway have lowered their rates to record low numbers. But this trend is not sustainable. In some countries, the rate remains very high even though they face a population decline. Croatia, Malta, Poland, Finland and Norway, for example, have fertility rates below one child per woman. But this trend may be starting to reverse.

Croatia, Malta, Lithuania, Poland and Finland recorded the lowest fertility rates

The European Union has a high fertility rate, while the countries with the lowest rates have low fertility rates. The fertility rate is an indicator of how many children are born per woman in the reproductive age (15-49) in a country. Countries with high fertility rates tend to have lower median ages, and higher population growth rates. For example, the top 50 countries by fertility rate all have median ages below 23 years, and only one has a population growth rate below 1%. The countries with the lowest fertility rates are Macedonia, Poland, Finland, and Lithuania, which all have fertility rates below the EU average.

The EU’s fertility rates vary from year to year, with some countries experiencing lower fertility than others. According to Eurostat data, the total fertility rate in the EU decreased in 18 countries and increased in eight countries. The highest fertility rate in the EU was recorded in France, while the lowest was in Croatia, Malta, Lithuania, Poland, and Finland.

South Korea has the world’s lowest fertility rate

According to recent estimates, South Korea’s fertility rate has hit a new low, falling to 5.1 children per woman in 2020, down from 5.1 in 2011. As a result, the average age of birth has increased, increasing from 33.1 to 33.4 in one year. This exacerbates the country’s already low birth rate.

The declining fertility rate in South Korea is caused by a combination of factors. The country’s high living costs, the Covid pandemic, and increasing house prices have all contributed to a declining population. By 2021, South Korea will be facing a severe population crisis: there will be too few people to support the economy, care for its aging population, and conscript more people for the military. This population decline is a long-term issue for the country’s politicians and has led them to spend billions of dollars annually on encouraging women to have more children.

Norway has the world’s lowest fertility rate

The low fertility rate in Norway is a result of several factors, one of which is the country’s economic advantage. In 1984, the birth rate was 51 children per woman. In the last year, the fertility rate decreased by nearly two per cent. Moreover, the Norwegian State offers generous policies for parents, such as free daycare and parental leave.

The decline in fertility has been a cause for concern in Norway for several decades. In particular, immigrants have a tendency to have higher fertility rates than women born in Norway. However, as the women are already integrating into their new country, their fertility rates fall. In addition, women who have lived in Norway for a long time tend to have lower fertility rates than those who have only recently migrated there.

Scandinavian countries have seen success in slowing fertility decline

The State of the Nordic Region report shows that a number of Nordic countries have seen fertility decline slow or stop altogether. This is primarily due to low fertility among first-time parents, but the trend can be observed in all age groups. Although Nordic countries once led the world in the number of births per woman, these countries have largely followed the global trend of declining fertility.

Sweden has been successful in slowing fertility decline through a combination of policies. However, none of these policies was specifically designed to increase fertility. For example, Sweden’s parental work policies allowed many women to have children and remain in the labor force. These policies included flexible work schedules and access to high-quality child care. In addition, the country’s parental leave policies were affordable and provided extended time off from work for parents.