Where Fertility Rates Are Low

Where fertility rates are low is where the world’s population will stabilize and eventually decrease. Developing countries, which have relatively high fertility rates, will likely experience population decline as a result of this trend. The replacement level is the number of births per woman, so where fertility rates are low, the population will remain stable. South Korea, Japan, Spain, and Italy all have fertility rates above 2.1. This level of population growth will have long-term negative consequences on the economy and social security of the country.

High prevalence of unmet needs for family planning

The term family planning refers to the process of determining a woman’s reproductive intent, and the availability of methods for achieving her goal. In many parts of the world, there is a significant disconnect between women’s intentions and the options available to them. According to the United Nations Population Division (UNPD), in 2015, 12% of married women globally had an unmet need for family planning. The unmet need for contraception varies by region and is reflected in the level of contraceptive use.

High prevalence of modern contraception

The prevalence of modern contraception varies by age, region, and religion. It increases with higher wealth quintiles, increased educational level, and number of children. The use of contraception declines with polygamous marriages and the death of a child. Religious practices also influence the use of modern contraception. Regardless of the source of the data, it is evident that the prevalence of modern contraception varies by region and religion.

Low prevalence of contraception

While most studies find that women who cannot have children choose contraception, the actual reasons are varied. In Asia, for example, contraception use has declined in all but five countries, including Timor-Leste and Pakistan. The rate of contraception use among married women has remained low, despite increasing opposition to the use of contraceptives. This is particularly the case in Cambodia, where contraception is less readily available.

Areas with high use of contraception

Increasing use of contraception has been associated with a decline in the number of births in several areas, including Eastern and Southern Africa. It also has been associated with a reduction in the age at marriage and in extramarital sexual exposure. In Latin America and the Caribbean, use of contraception has been associated with a reduction in births, but postpartum infecundability has increased in nearly all countries. Areas with high use of contraception for fertility rates should be concerned with large residuals, as these suggest inaccuracies in measurement.

Areas with low use of modern contraception

Sub-Saharan Africa shows marked geographic variation in the use of modern contraception. In countries like Kenya and Nigeria, government policies have a big effect on contraception use, with nearly half of all women using injectables or implants. This pattern is most striking for unmarried women. In some countries, such as Rwanda and Iran, however, the use of modern contraception hasn’t increased in more than a decade. Tsui and colleagues looked at national-level data from 1985 to 2013 to determine the prevalence of various contraceptive methods in sub-Saharan Africa.