Why Fertility Rate is Declining

The number of babies born in the United States is declining, and the declines are concentrated among younger Americans. Teen fertility has fallen by 75 percent in the past few decades. Last year, there were only 15.3 births for every 1,000 women in the 15 to 19 age group. In 1991, teen fertility was 61.8 births for every 1,000 women. Interestingly, fertility among women of older ages is increasing. In 2006, 80 percent of women were mothers by age 40, and that figure was 84 percent in 2018.

China’s propensity to stay at home led to discrimination against women

It is difficult to find information about violence against Chinese women, since the Chinese government does not publish statistics and independent organizations are not allowed to monitor the human rights situation in China. Most information about this problem comes from academic research and foreign press reports. However, due to the new economic climate, the government is beginning to loosen its control over the internal media, and observers assume that the government will approve of any publication that covers social or political issues that affect the lives of Chinese people.

An older population

The declining fertility rate of a population has become a critical issue for societies around the world. By 2060, there will be an elderly population of 18 percent, and this proportion will be even higher in Asia. By 2030, more than one-third of the Japanese population will be elderly. South Korea, Japan, China, and Thailand will have a population of over 30 percent elderly. Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand will all have a population that is at least 20 percent elderly by 2030.

Falling earnings

The decline in the number of children born to U.S. women could be directly related to the recent recession. Decreases in the number of births among young adults are strongly correlated with high unemployment rates and low economic security. These conditions may be similar to those experienced by the U.S. population in recent years. Falling earnings and increased access to contraception may be contributing factors in the declining rate of births.

Falling material standards for young people

The fall in the rate of births in the west is being attributed to the rising anxiety over the planet’s future and the declining standard of living. Many young people no longer view having a child as economically viable. Increasing material standards and a lack of financial security make it less attractive for people to have children. According to demographers, the fall in birth rates in highly developed countries has a long-term negative impact on society.

COVID pandemic

Infected women are less likely to have children, which may be a contributing factor to the declining fertility rate. The pill scare of the late 1970s was followed by a decline in birth rates, which was a temporary effect. The shock of these events often results in higher birth rates in older individuals. This pandemic could change the age profile of women and change the work-life balance.

Education

The decrease in the fertility rate is linked to rising income per capita and education levels. A trade-off between quality of life and quantity of children may be the primary factor. Increasingly, higher education levels encourage parents to pursue career goals, postponing marriage and childbearing. This is exacerbated by the opportunity cost for child-rearing women in job markets. The rise in educational attainment has increased the chances of a woman’s success, although this is not the only factor.

Increasing age of population

Across the globe, the age of the population is increasing and the rate of reproduction is falling. This is a result of several factors, ranging from cultural changes to increased use of birth control. In 1950, the global total fertility rate was five children per woman. That rate has declined by half since then. By 2050, it is projected to reach only 2.25 children per woman. Those rates are well below the long-term replacement rate of two children per woman.