If you’re wondering why fertility rate is decreasing in India, you’re not alone. The population of India is 1.4bn, which is nearly one fifth of the world’s total population. Despite this low birth rate, the population is still expected to grow in the coming decades, especially because many young women are not yet of childbearing age. In addition, a COVID-19 pandemic is threatening the entire population, and the demand for modern contraceptives is unmet.
The economic uncertainties associated with the current recession are negatively affecting fertility rates in India. The recent global recession and the subsequent decline in the fertility rate in the Nordic countries have demonstrated that people react differently to subjective and objective uncertainty. The recent recession and subsequent drop in fertility rates in the Nordic countries prompted researchers to examine the role of narratives in the dynamics of fertility. This study is a preliminary assessment of the role of narratives in fertility dynamics.
The influence of economic uncertainty on demographic behavior has long been the subject of study. The first era of the modern era saw the emergence of the “harsh new world of economic insecurity.” This period was characterized by an array of global transformations, commonly grouped under the umbrella term, “globalization.” These changes included the deterioration of national boundaries in economic transactions, intensified worldwide social ties, and heightened tax competition between countries.
The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have further negative consequences on India’s fertility rates. As per the National Family Health Survey collected before the disease’s outbreak, the number of babies born to women in India is already below replacement level. Although this decrease in fertility will be associated with many rewards, it will also come with some costs. The changing demographic balance is bound to have implications for the country’s health, fiscal, and gender policies.
During the Wilson Center’s Maternal Health Initiative, Natascha Braumann, Director of Global Government and Public Affairs for Fertility at EMD Serono, will discuss the implications of the pandemic on India’s fertility rates. She will also discuss the economic consequences of the declining fertility rate and its effects on social support systems. She will also discuss how the COVID-19 pandemic will impact the caregiving of women in the coming years.
Unmet need for modern contraceptives
A study published in the American Journal of Public Health found that the unmet need for modern contraceptives is decreasing the fertility rate in India. Currently, only one in four women in India uses contraception. The inverse relationship between modern contraceptive use and fertility rate is even more dramatic. In India, the fertility rate has decreased by one percent per decade since 1970. However, this trend may be changing.
The study also found disparities in access to family planning services across Indian states and union territories. Although the overall decline in fertility rate in India has decreased, there are still considerable disparities among rural and underserved women. Despite these disparities, the overall number of women using modern contraceptives in India has more than doubled from 58 million in 1990 to 124 million in 2015, suggesting that there is a growing demand for modern contraceptives.