The high fertility rate in India has many factors. Many factors are related to education, religion, and a lack of health care. These factors all contribute to the large size of families in the country. But what is the cause of the high fertility rate in India? Let’s examine some of them. Education and religion play a major role in large families. They also contribute to the reduction of the ideal family size. Read on to learn more.
Factors contributing to high fertility rate in india
The highest fertility rate in India is among Muslims, followed by Hindus and Jains. These three religions are relatively poorer than Hindus and Christians, but their average monthly per capita expenditure is similar. And while these religions are not directly responsible for fertility rates, their effect on the rate of childbearing is still significant. Moreover, women of lower castes, as well as women with less education, are also less likely to have children.
The fertility rate of uneducated women in India is higher than that of educated women. The primary sector demands more labour. However, this proportion has decreased from 74.3 percent in NFHS I to 60.1 percent in NFHS III due to increased educational level and exposure to secondary and tertiary sectors. Despite the increasing numbers of educated women, the fertility rate is still high among uneducated women.
Religion plays a major role in large size families
While the role of religion in family life is a complex issue, studies suggest that it has several positive effects for individuals, families, states, and nations. Studies show that religion increases health, education, and economic well-being. Religion improves self-control and self-esteem, and reduces crime, delinquency, and anxiety. However, religious beliefs do not necessarily lead to larger families or more children.
Large families in India are well-suited for modern life, as most of the population is engaged in farming or related agricultural activities. The economic security of cooperating kin can be extremely valuable, and many cities have joint families. These kinship bonds are essential for gaining employment, as well as financial aid. Many of the country’s most powerful families still adhere to joint family arrangements. They cooperate to control many of the country’s financial empires.
Education plays a major role in reducing optimum family size
There is evidence to suggest that education plays a crucial role in reducing optimum family size in India. India’s government views education as an important catalyst for social progress and building an equitable society. While India has made enormous progress in opening up society, providing relevant education to the majority of youths remains a central policy challenge for Indian policy makers. Let’s look at some key ways education can contribute to reducing optimum family size in India.