Why Fertility Rate is Important

Whether you’re interested in reducing gender inequality, improving child mortality, or achieving higher educational attainment, you should know that the fertility rate of a country has a great impact on the future of a country. But why should the rate of fertility be the number one indicator of health? Let’s examine the benefits and drawbacks of changing fertility rates. In addition to reducing gender inequality, these policies improve public health.

Reduced gender inequality

The relationship between reduced gender inequality and fertility rate is complex. Typically, a country with a high level of gender equality is associated with a low fertility rate. The reason for this may be the fact that women are typically kept in the home and do not participate in work. However, this relationship can be influenced by many other factors. High gender equality can result in a country having a low fertility rate, or a high fertility rate. The level of gender equality may also impact on the costs of childrearing.

Decreasing child mortality

Several studies have examined the link between decreasing child mortality and fertility rates. For example, one study in Kenya found that women who received more education and gained more employment delayed having children. Another study in Indonesia found a correlation between increased educational attainment and reduced child mortality. Ultimately, decreasing child mortality and fertility are important if we are to see continued growth in the human population. But how can we achieve this?

Economic recession

A recent study examined the relationship between economic recession and fertility rates. The authors of the study found that responses to economic recession were stronger than during nonrecession periods. It is possible that higher levels of unemployment and uncertainty may lead to greater negative fertility responses. The researchers concluded that these changes in the fertility rate may also be related to a reduction in fertility. In addition, they observed a stronger relationship between economic recession and birth rates among younger women.

Decreasing education attainment

The decline in fertility rates may be related to the rapidly rising level of education. Women who have higher education are more likely to want to have more children, and their income is likely to increase, which may lead to more investment in the education of their children. The decline in fertility rates may be reversible, if the rise in education continues. Decreasing educational attainment may also be linked to a decrease in unmet need for contraception.

SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

Concerns about the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have led to questions about the potential virus-related risks of pregnancy. It is not advisable to postpone conception or delay childbirth due to health-related concerns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Increasing evidence indicates that the risks of SARS-CoV-2 infection are not particularly high. In addition, they are not significantly greater than those of other diseases and conditions that commonly affect pregnant women. Moreover, standard preventive measures can mitigate some of the risks.

Age standardization

The age standardization and fertility rate is one of the methods used to compare two populations. These methods use different age groups to compare characteristics. Standardized rates can be applied to both age groups to provide a more accurate comparison. These rates are calculated by mathematically adjusting two populations. They provide a more representative picture of a characteristic’s prevalence and incidence. Age standardization is the most common method used in social sciences. Here are some benefits of using age-standardized rates:


Increasing income and declining fertility rates are closely related. According to economists and demographers, the two variables tend to decrease over time. The relationship between income and fertility is particularly striking at the individual level, where richer families tend to have fewer children than poor ones. But these findings are not universal, and there is considerable debate about how much the two factors influence fertility rates. Let us take a closer look at each of these two variables.


Research has shown a link between wealth and fertility rate. The average number of children per woman is 1.6 compared to 2.8 for the poorest fifth of the population. Women of higher wealth have fewer children than women of lower wealth, and the median age at first birth increases as the woman’s wealth increases. However, wealth and fertility do not necessarily go hand in hand. The latter is the more important factor, because it impacts how a woman plans for the future.


The relationship between religion and fertility rate is complex and has not yet been fully understood. Several studies have shown that women who report being very religious have more children than those who consider religion a secondary concern. However, there is also evidence to suggest that religion does not influence the rate of conception. However, more research needs to be done to determine the best way to study the relationship between religion and fertility. Here are some ways to understand this relationship.